The 5 Pillars of Islam

The 5 Pillars of Islam

What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?

The 5 pillars of Islam are the foundations of Muslim life. A Muslim must follow & adhere to these obligations in order to live a good Islamic life.

The 5 Pillars of Islam Islamographic/Infographic

 FAITH (Shahadah):  Shahadah is the first pillar of Islam. It is a declaration that all Muslims must make. The full Shahadah translates to:

“There is no god but Allah, and Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) is the final messenger”

We’ve also included the Arabic version of the Shahadah below:

lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh muḥammadun rasūlu llāh // لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ ٱلله

 SALAH (Prayer):  Salah is the second pillar of Islam. It basically means completing the 5 daily prayers everyday. The 5 prayers are:

  • Fajr (The dawn prayer)
  • Zuhr (The noon prayer)
  • Asr (The afternoon prayer)
  • Maghrib (The sunset prayer)
  • Isha (The night prayer)

Prayers are done by completing a specific set of movements, however these movements can differenciate depending on which school of thought, madhab or sect you belong too.

 ZAKAT (Charity):  Zakat or alms-giving is the third pillar of Islam and is the act of giving a specific amount of earnings (2.5%) to the poor or needy. An individual must own a specific amount of wealth or savings before Zakat becomes payable.

 SAUM (Fasting):   Saum is the fourth pillar of Islam. It is the act of fasting on the ninth month of the Islamic calendar (Ramadan). Fasting in Islam means to abstain from food or drink from dawn to sunset.

 HAJJ (Pilgrimage):   Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. Hajj is the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. It takes place during the last month of the Islamic calendar Dhul-Hijja (or Zul-Hijja). Muslims should attempt to make Hajj at least once in their lifetimes, however, if they are not financially sound or lack the physical & mental abilities to make make this pilgrimage they are not obligated to do so.

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